BMW HP2 Sport (2008-2012) Maintenance Schedule and Service Intervals

This is the maintenance schedule for the BMW HP2 Sport, an iconic boxer-powered sportbike that BMW released late in 2007 for the 2008 model year. This is from the official service manual and other maintenance resources.

The BMW HP2 Sport is from the HP2 line, a short-lived series of high-performance bikes.

Here are all the bikes in the HP2 series:

The BMW HP2 Sport is powered by a 1170 cc air/oil-cooled engine. It has a dual overhead camshaft — a first for BMW boxer motors — and with its quite high 12.5:1 compression ratio makes peak power of 96 kW / 128 hp at 8750 rpm. This is a high-revving air/oil-cooled engine!

Final drive is via a six-speed transmission and a shaft drive.

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BMW HP2 Sport Service Intervals

The service interval for the BMW HP2 Sport is every 6 000 miles / 10 000 km or year. At every service, change the oil and filter, the air filter, and check the valve clearances.

The service guidelines recommend checking some items more often if you ride regularly off-road or in harsh conditions, e.g. if you track your bike.

Other items are more infrequent. BMW recommends changing the spark plugs every 12 000 miles / 20 000 km, and to replace the generator belt every 24 000 mi / 40 000 km or 6 years.

BMW recommends you change the gearbox oil and oil in the rear bevel gears of the HP2 Sport every two years.

BMW also recommends an “engine service” every 30 000 mi / 50 000 km for the HP2 Sport.

Maintenance Schedule for the BMW HP2 Sport

Below is the maintenance schedule for the BMW HP2 Sport.

We’ve broken it up into two parts:

  1. The regular schedule of major items (oil changes, spark plug changes and so on)
  2. The list of standard annual inspection items

Notes on the schedule

  • The maintenance schedule for many items follows a “per x years” or “x distance” schedule. Follow whichever comes first (e.g. if you have the bike for a year and don’t put 10000 km on it, change the oil anyway)
  • At the end of the indicated schedule, continue following it in the pattern shown.
  • [D] means items needing dealer tools
mi x 10006121824
km x 100010203040Every
Annual inspection checklist — perform (see below)
You may also want to do this inspection with oil changes, though BMW doesn’t require it.
Engine oil — Change (20W-50 motor oil, API classification SF or higher)Year
Oil filter — ChangeYear
Throttle body synchronisation — Check
Valve clearances — Adjust
Air filter — Replace
Brake fluid, front and rear — Change2 years
Final drive bevel gears oil — Change*2 years
Gearbox oil — Change2 years
Spark plugs — Replace
Alternator belt — Replace6 years
Install repair set for handbrake piston (without bleeding brakes)50000 km / 30000 mi
Engine service50000 km / 30000 mi
BMW HP2 Sport service schedule

Annual checklist

Items marked [D] need special dealer tools.

Annual checklist inspection item
[D] Read fault memory with BMW diagnostic system
Brake pads — Check wear level
Brake discs — Check wear level, condition
Brake pipes, hoses, and connections — Check
Clutch system — Inspect for leaks, correct function
Steering head bearings — Check smooth operation
Fork legs — Check, clean, and bleed
Telescopic fork fluid — Change
Air filter — Check. Replace as necessary
Pivots for hand and foot levers — Check smooth operation, lubricate as necessary
Side stand — Check for smooth operation, lubricate if necessary
Threaded fasteners — Check tightness
Throttle cable — Check freedom of movement, and for kinks and chafing
Tyres — Check pressures and tread depth
Lights and signalling equipment — Check
Engine start suppression — Check
Test ride as final inspection and function check
[D] Read fault memory with (BMW Motorrad) diagnostic system
Battery — Check charge state
[D] Confirm BMW Service in on-board documentation
BMW HP2 Sport regular inspection checklist

BMW HP2 Sport Wheels and Tires

The BMW HP2 Sport runs sport tires on a wide 6-inch rear wheel, similar to the optional wide wheel of the BMW R 1200 S.

WheelTire sizeTire pressure (cold)
Front120/70-17Standard riding: 2.2 bar / 32 psi
Sport riding: 2.1 +/- 0.2 bar / 30.5 +/- 2.9 psi
Rear190/55-172.5 bar / 36 psi
Sport riding: 2.1 +/- 0.2 bar / 30.5 +/- 2.9 psi
BMW HP2 Sport tire sizes and pressures

About the BMW HP2 Sport

BMW HP2 Sport Motorsport Replica RHS track
BMW HP2 Sport Motorsport Replica

The BMW HP2 Sport is a rare unicorn of a motorcycle from BMW, combining a few elements into one package that make it very unique.

First off, it’s a sport bike with a boxer engine. BMW has made plenty of boxer bikes that are sporty, and plenty of sport bikes without the boxer engine (like the whole BMW S 1000 RR line), but the HP2 is definitely the sportiest boxer. (The BMW R 1200 S comes close, but it doesn’t have the engine that the HP2 has.)

On that note, secondly, the BMW HP2 Sport was the first BMW to have a twin cam (DOHC) boxer engine. The twin cam or “Camhead” motor became the de facto boxer from the 2010 model year (e.g. with the 2010 BMW R 1200 GS), but it debuted on the BMW HP2 — and in quite high power trim for an air/oil-cooled motor, making 96 kW / 128 bhp at 8750 rpm.

Secondly, the HP2 Sport is quite high spec. It has Öhlins struts front and rear, and Brembo calipers. This is a high-spec sport bike that doesn’t pull any puches!

The HP2 Sport was the third in the short-lived BMW HP2 line that started with the BMW HP2 (later re-named the HP2 Enduro), then followed up by the Megamoto, and finally the Sport.

Here are all three BMW HP2 motorcycles.

PartHP2 EnduroHP2 MegamotoHP2 Sport
First year200620072008
Engine (all 4 valve)SOHC, twin sparkSOHC, twin sparkDOHC, Single spark
Peak power77 kW / 105 bhp @ 7000 rpm83 kW / 113 hp @ 7500 rpm96 kW / 128 bhp @ 8750 rpm
Compression ratio11.0:112.0:112.5:1
Front suspensionInverted 45mm fork, 270mm / 10.6 inch travel, travel-dependent dampingInverted 45mm Marzocchi fork, 160mm / 6.3 inch travel compression / rebound damping adjustableTelelever, Öhlins sport spring strut, fully adjustable
Rear suspensionParalever, air “spring” shockParalever, Öhlins shock, fully adjustableParalever, Öhlins shock, fully adjustable
Front brakesSingle 305mm brake2 x 320mm discs, 4-piston fixed calipers2 x 320mm discs, Brembo monoblock radial 4-piston calipers, radial master cylinder
WheelsSpoked rims, 90/90-21 front, 140/80-17 rearCast rims, 120/70-17 front, 180/55-17 rearForged rims, 120/70-17 front, 190/55-17 rear.
BMW HP2 Motorcycles core differences

Some people saw the BMW HP2 Sport as a response to high-power sport bikes from Ducati. But the truth is the HP2 Sport could never quite catch up. With an air/oil-cooled engine and a much heavier design, the HP2 Sport was still slower and heavier than most sport bikes of its generation.

But that doesn’t mean the BMW HP2 Sport is a bad or slow bike. It has a huge legion of fans. And perplexingly, it costs more now than it did new. That doesn’t make it a great “investment”, but it does make it at least not as bad an investment as many other motorcycles of that generation (like a K5 Suzuki GSX-R1000, which now sells for around a quarter of its initial price)!

One thing that the BMW HP2 Sport is almost unparalleled in is aesthetics. There’s a lot to like about HP2 Sport — a huge, exposed rear wheel, under-seat exhausts, and a striking frame.

BMW HP2 Sport LHS rear lhs static
BMW HP2 Sport LHS. It’s hard to find an angle that fully does the HP2 Sport justice, but this one isn’t bad.

If you can bring yourself to stop looking at your BMW HP2 Sport and actually put miles on it, then maintenance might serve as a further deterrent.

Maintenance for the BMW HP2 Sport is unfortunately a little intense. Like other air-cooled boxers (including the R nineT, still sold today), valve service clearances are due every 6 000 miles / 10 000 km. It’s not hard to do — as the cylinders are exposed — but it’s still a bit of an annoyance. But at least it has a shaft drive that doesn’t need attention other than changing the shaft drive fluid periodically.

Reference — Manual screenshots for the HP2 Sport

The above came from the service manual for the BMW HP2 Sport, which is available as part of the BMW RSD service manual repository.

See a screenshot of the 60 000 km service below.

BMW HP2 Sport maintenance schedule from service manual web
BMW HP2 Sport maintenance schedule from service manual

You can buy service manuals for older BMW motorcycles directly from BMW.

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