This is the maintenance schedule and service intervals for the Royal Enfield Himalayan (BS4-onward, fuel injected), a compact adventure bike from Indian motorcycle company Royal Enfield.
The Royal Enfield Himalayan was originally sold as a carburettor-fed motorcycle but was updated to be fuel injected from 2016. That fuel-injected model (known as the BS4, for Bharat Stage 4, referring to an Indian emissions standard) was the first to be exported to international markets. As of 2021, the most current model is a BS6 model, which has been retuned for lower emissions and had some tech added.
Fundamentally the Royal Enfield Himalayan has always been the same basic motorcycle: a 411-cc single-cylinder compact adventure bike in a handsome chassis. It stands quite alone, but it loosely could be compared to other compact adventurers like the Honda CRF300 Rally.
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Royal Enfield Himalayan Service Intervals
The Royal Enfield Himalayan has 5000 km / 3000 mile service intervals, at which you have to check the valve clearances, check the spark plug, and check most of the motorcycle for leaks and lubrication.
The very short valve clearance interval is quite aggressive, and one reason many owners of the Himalayan may be surprised by higher than expected ownership cost. But if you’re adept, you can do the service yourself — there’s just the one cylinder.
The Himalayan at least has relatively wider oil / filter change intervals — you only need to change them every 6000 miles / 10000 km.
What you need to service the Royal Enfield Himalayan
|Part||Royal Enfield Himalayan Spec|
|Engine oil||Oil changes every 10K km. Manual calls for SAE 15W-50 API SL Grade JASO MA 2 Semi-Synthetic, e.g. Mobil 1 15W-50.|
|Oil filter||You need a Himalayan Oil Filter Kit which includes washers and gaskets to replace the oil filter (which is every time you change the oil).|
|Spark plug||Bosch UR5CC (0.7-0.8mm) per the manual. This is equivalent to the NGK CR8E.|
|Air filter||You need to clean the air filter periodically but replace it when you change the oil — or more often if you ride it in the dirt. K&N part number is RB-0510 for a universal clamp-on.|
|Brake fluid||The manual calls for DOT 4 brake fluid, e.g. Castrol DOT 4|
|Fork oil||Use 10W weight fork oil, e.g. Honda SS-8|
|Head lamp||The front headlamp is a H4 60/55W bulb|
|Brake lamp||The rear brake lamp is a 4/1W LED|
|Chain||Use a chain lubricant like Motul chain paste periodically to keep the chain fresh.|
|Grease||Use lithium soap-based grease for general greasing (bearings, swing-arm, kickstand etc.)|
Royal Enfield Himalayan maintenance schedule
Below is the the maintenance schedule based upon average riding conditions. If you use your Himalayan in a dusty environment, the wet, on poor roads, in stagnant water etc, you may have to maintain your motorcycle more often.
For maintenance after 50000 Kms, continue with the same frequency as observed in the schedule (adjusting for how intensely you use your bike).
- A : Adjust
- C : Clean
- I : Inspect (Clean, Adjust, Lubricate or Replace if necesssary)
- T : Re-tighten
- L : Lubricate
- R : Replace
Notes on the maintenance schedule
- The Himalayan includes free service up to 15,000 km or 18 months — whichever arrives earlier. (i.e. the first three services)
- # Service more frequently when ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas, when riding in rain or at full throttle.
- (1) Tyre to be replaced if the tyre wear identification mark reached
- (2) To be done at authorised Royal Enfield Dealer / Service Center
- (T1) Typo in original manual said you should change the cush rubbers every 5,000 kms from 20,000 kms onward, which makes no sense — I assume it means inspect every 5000 kms, and replace every 20,000 km.
|Kms (x 1000)||0.5||5||10||15||20||25||30||35||40||45||50|
|Engine Oil (Level check / Replace)||Check level at every 1000 Kms or earlier as required||R||I||R||I||R||I||R||I||R||I||R|
|Engine Oil Filter Element||R||R||R||R||R||R|
|Engine oil strainer on crankcase LH||C||C||C||C||C||C|
|Inlet / Exhaust Tappet setting||I&A||I&A||I&A||I&A||I&A||I&A||I&A||I&A||I&A||I&A||I&A|
|Rubber hose, Inlet manifold *||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||R||I||I|
|Oil cooler inlet & outlet pipes *||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I|
|HT leads for crack||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I|
|Fuel Hose & Clip||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||R||I||I|
|Fuel Pump (under tank) Mounting||Check for screw tightness in all services|
|Air filter element||Clean/ Replace more frequently if motorcycle always used in dusty / off-road conditions.||C||C||R||C||R||C||R||C||R||C||R|
|Rubber Hose, Air fitler to Throttle body||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||R||I||I|
|PAV pipes & Hose clip||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||R||I||I|
|Evaporative Emission Equipment rubber hoses*||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||R||I||I|
|Throttle body- Cleaning spray*||Carbo cleaner / carb click / or Fuel line cleaner spray every 5000 Km or 6 months whichever is earlier|
|Clutch free play||Adjust every 1000 Kms or earlier as required|
|Clutch no slippage||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I|
|Steering head bearings #||Inspect,adjust & lubricate for every 5000 km or earlier as required. Replace if necessary||I&A|
|Front Fork oil / leak||I||I||I||I||R||I||I||I||R||I||I|
|Rear Wheel Drive Chain#||Clean, Lubricate & Adjust every 1000 Kms or earlier as required||I&A|
|Battery terminals (apply petroleum jelly)||C||C||C||C||C||C||C||C||C||C||C|
|Earth wire eyelet Tightness||I||I||I||I||I|
|Hydraulic Brake Fluid – Front & Rear #||I||I||I||I||R||I||I||I||R||I||I|
|Hydraulic brake hose & Washers – Front & Rear #||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I|
|Brake Pads – Front & Rear #||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I|
|Tyre wear pattern (Front & Rear) # (1)||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I|
|Spokes tightness / Wheel rim run out front & rear #||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I|
|Front & Rear wheel bearings for play #||I||I||I||I||I||I&R||I||I||I||I||I&R|
|Swingarm Pivot Bearings #||Inspect & If required lubricate every 5000 km or earlier as required. Replace if necessary||I|
|Rear Suspension Linkages #||Inspect & If required lubricate every 5000 km or earlier as required. Replace if necessary||I|
|Rear Brake Pedal Pivot||L||L||L||L||L||L||L||L||L||L||L|
|Rear Brake Pedal free play||Adjust every 1000 kms or earlier as required|
|Rear wheel cush rubbers #||I||I||I||I||I&R||I||I||I||I&R||I||I|
|All Mounting Fasteners in vehicle for tightness #||I&T||I&T||I&T||I&T||I&T||I&T||I&T||I&T||I&T||I&T||I&T|
|Hand levers, Centre stand, side stand, Rider & Pillion foot rest Pivots & Gear shift Levers #||Lubricate every 1000 kms or earlier as required|
|Cam Chain / Chain Pads / Auto chain Tensioner||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I&R|
|Starter motor & Starter relay connections||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I|
|Side stand switch operation||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I||I|
Tyre sizes and pressures for the Royal Enfield Himalayan
The Himalayan ships with tubed tyres. Below are the tire size specs and the recommended pressures.
|Wheel||Tyre size||Pressure (without-with pillion)|
|Front||90/90-21||1.75-1.89 Bar (25-27 psi)|
|Rear||120/90-17||1.89-2.39 Bar (27-34 psi)|
About the Royal Enfield Himalayan
Ask on ADVrider what the best entry-level adventure bike is, and you’ll be surprised with how many people respond “Himalayan”!
Of course, just as many would respond that the Kawasaki KLR650 is another excellent choice. But I digress.
The appeal of the Himalayan is, like the KLR or other entry-level adventurers, its simplicity. It’s powered by a single-cylinder engine — a 411 cc SOHC 2-valve engine that has frequent service intervals but whose service is a doddle.
Power and torque are quite low-spec, but what do you expect? You’re not racing this across the Bonneville salt flats, you’re taking it around the world! For the record, it peaks in power at 24 ft-lb at 4250 rpm, and makes 24 hp at 6500 rpm, which is squarely at the entry-level range of things.
Final drive is via a cable clutch and a 5-speed transmission.
The appeal of the Himalayan is that a) anyone can ride it, and b) anyone can fix it. It has a windshield, but the engine is exposed and ready for you to have at it. And there’s even crash and rock protection so you can ensure you won’t have to deal with anything gnarly like a major leak.
Oh and also, c) anyone can afford it. Add on to the fact that it was designed by Pierre Terblanche, the same person who brought us the Ducati 999, and you can start to understand the appeal. This is a great-looking, entry-level, capable and affordable adventure motorcycle.
The Himalayan’s instrument cluster is a thing of beauty — a great balance of analogue and digital tech. It looks like a clock face from a classic watch.
The Royal Enfield Himalayan has, in theory, a top speed of 100 mph or 160 km/h according to the speedometer, but you’d be lucky to ever see 80 mph (130 km/h). It would even take a while to get to that speed.
Like most modern motorcycles, the Himalayan comes with fuel injection and ABS. That and style and practicality — and nothing else.
Manual for the Royal Enfield Himalayan
One of my favourite things about Royal Enfield is that they love it when people do their own maintenance, and their owners’ manuals are basically service manuals
The maintenance schedule above was from the manual for the Himalayan BS6 model (comparing it to the BS4 extensively). You can download it here.
There are unfortunately typos/errors in the original Royal Enfield Himalayan BS6 manual. One of the more grievous ones is this one below. I have corrected these as it’s often obvious what they mean once you’ve read hundreds of manuals.