This is the maintenance schedule and service intervals for the KTM 390 Adventure, KTM’s smallest bike in their adventure line.
It uses the same engine block as in the KTM RC 390 and KTM 390 Duke, so the maintenance schedule has a lot in common. The 390 Adventure is powered by a single-cylinder liquid-cooled fuel-injected engine that makes peak power of 32 kW (43 hp) at 9000 rpm, with 37 Nm (27 ft-lb) of peak torque, with 80% of that available across most of the rev range.
It was built to compete in the compact adventure sports market, alongside other bikes like the Versys-X 300.
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What you need to service your KTM 390 Adventure
Servicing your 390 Adventure is fairly easy, as it’s a single-cylinder engine with exposed parts. So when the valve service comes up every 15000 km / 9300 mi it’s not an overwhelming task.
Aside from basic motorcycle maintenance tools, here’s what you need to service your 390 Adventure.
|Part||KTM 390 Adventure spec|
|Engine oil||The manual requires SAE 15W-50 oil that meets JASO T903 MA2 spec, and recommends Motorex oils, e.g. Motorex Top Speed 15W-50, a full synthetic.|
|Oil filter||Use a Hiflofiltro HF155 as a high-quality drop-in replacement.|
|Spark plug||Standard spark plug is a Bosch VR6NEU, which is quite hard to find other than from KTM dealers.|
|Fork oil||Use SAE 4 fork oil, e.g. Motorex 4W Fork Oil which KTM recommends.|
|Air filter||Use a K&N KT-1217 air filter.|
|Brake fluid||Use a DOT 4 fluid e.g. Castrol DOT 4 full synthetic.|
|Coolant||The manual calls for Motorex Coolant M3.0, which is an OAT coolant based on ethylene glycol that’s silicate, nitrite, amine, borate, and phosphate free. (Most coolants contain at least phosphates or silicates… be wary)|
|Clutch cable lube||Use either engine oil or Protect all cable life, an affordable and quality lubricant.|
|Chain maintenance||Use Motul chain paste, a low-mess, high-quality chain lube. The manual recommends the more expensive Motorex chain lube.|
|Grease||The manual recommends Motorex Bike Grease 2000 although you can use any lithium soap-based grease.|
Maintenance schedule for the KTM 390 Adventure
The schedule below comes straight from the manual, though it has been formatted slightly for legibility.
The maintenance schedule for the KTM 390 Adventure comes in two parts: required work and recommended work.
KTM recommends most of the work be done by mechanics, and users only do the following:
- Check brakes (maybe replace if necessary)
- Check/adjust tyre pressures
- Check/adjust chain tension
- Check coolant and brake fluid levels
And very little else. Of course, servicing the 390 Adventure isn’t hard as a single-cylinder mostly-naked bike, so it’s up to you.
The required service has a break-in service, a 7500km (4650 mi) service, and a 15000 km (9300 mi) service. The last two services are repeated every 7500 and 15000 km respectively.
- Some items are every 1-2 years (e.g. fluids that degenerate). Attend to each item whenever the sooner of the distance or time interval has arrived.
- Items marked [Dealer] require specialist tools.
|[Dealer] Read out the fault memory using the KTM diagnostics tool||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|[Dealer] Program the shift shaft sensor||✓||✓||✓|
|Check that the electrical system is functioning properly.||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Change the engine oil and the oil filter, clean the oil screens (Motorex Top Speed 15W-50, HF155)||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the brake discs||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the front brake linings||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the rear brake linings||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the brake lines for damage and leakage||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the front brake fluid level (Castrol DOT 4)||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the rear brake fluid level||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the tire condition||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check tire pressure||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the shock absorber and fork for leaks||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Clean the dust boots of the fork legs||✓||✓|
|Check the chain, rear sprocket, and engine sprocket||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the chain tension||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the coolant level (Motorex Coolant M3.0)||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check that the radiator fan is functioning properly.||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Change the air filter, clean the air filter box||✓||✓|
|Chek that the throttle cables are undamaged, routed without sharp bends, and set correctly||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the cables for damage and routing without sharp bends||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the valve clearance, change the spark plug||✓|
|Change the front brake fluid (DOT 4)||2 years|
|Change the rear brake fluid (DOT 4)||2 years|
|Check the steering head play||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the headlight setting||✓||✓||✓|
|Final check: Check the vehicle for safe operationa nd take a test ride||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|[Dealer] Set the service interval display||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|[Dealer] Read out the error memory after the test ride using the KTM diagnostics tool||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|[Dealer] Make a service entry in KTMDealer.net||✓||✓||✓||Year|
Recommended service has different intervals to the above required service. It’s every 7500 km (4650 mi) or 30000 km (18600 mi), or every 1 or 4 years. Attend to each item whenever the sooner of the distance or time interval has arrived.
|Check the frame||✓|
|Check the link fork||✓|
|Check the fork bearing for play||✓||✓|
|Check the wheel bearing for play||✓||✓|
|Check the antifreeze||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Change the coolant (Motorex Coolant M3.0)||4 years|
|Empty the drainage hoses||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check all hoses (fuel, coolant, drainage etc.) and sleeves for cracking, leaks, and incorrect routing||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Grease all moving parts (e.g. side stand, hand lever, chain) and check for smooth operation (Motorex 2000)||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Check the tightness of the safety-relevant screws and nuts which are easily accessible.||✓||✓||✓||Year|
KTM 390 Adventure Tire sizes and pressures
The 390 Adventure ships with the following tire sizes and pressures.
|Wheel||Tyre size||Tyre pressure|
|Front||100/90-19 M/C 57T M+S TL||2 bar/29 psi|
|Rear||130/80-17 M/C 65T M+S TL||2 bar/29 psi|
2.2 bar/32 psi with passenger
The KTM 390 Adventure ships with competent Continental TKC 70 on/off-road tires. They do a pretty good job off-road, too.
About the KTM 390 Adventure
The KTM 390 Adventure is a compact adventure bike that’s based on the same 390 platform that powers a couple of other bikes in KTM’s stable. At the far “road” end of the road-dirt spectrum you’ll find the KTM RC 390 street sport bike.
The KTM 390 Adventure is the kind of bike that you can ride in all kinds of conditions ranging from urban commutes through highways to light adventure off-roading.
Most riders would agree that the 390 Adventure isn’t a dirt bike. It doesn’t have long-travel suspension and is considerably heavier than something like a Honda CRF300L, or one of KTM’s many dirt-ready bikes. But still, the 390 Adventure is very capable, and much more so than its modest appearance would imply.
The KTM 390 Adventure is powered by exactly the same 373 cc single-cylinder engine that you’ll find in the KTM RC 390, after all. So is this a sport bike? Sure, why not!
It’s a very modern engine, with liquid-cooling, four valves, and a nice flat torque band all the way from down low through its engine cut-off at 10000 rpm. So you can make the engine sing if you want to.
Power and torque are also of the same spec as its stablemates. The KTM 390 Adventure makes peak torque of 27 ft-lb (37 Nm) at 7000 rpm (but it makes most of that from down low), and peak power of 43 bhp / 32 kW at 9000 rpm. The happy spot for the engine is between about 5-9000 rpm.
Riding the 390 Adventure is easy. It has a comfortable upright riding position and commanding view — despite the compact motor, this is a bike on which you feel you own the road.
It has ABS brakes, and even has an IMU for cornering input into ABS. Braking is via a single 320mm disc and a Bybre (“almost Brembo”) 4-piston radially mounted caliper. You can shut off the ABS if you want to.
That’s not all the tech that the KTM 390 Adventure has. It also comes with a TFT display, full LED lighting, and Bluetooth connectivity. It’s a lot of value for money.
To show that the KTM 390 Adventure can do off-road duty, it comes with a 19-inch front wheel (not quite 21, but pretty good!) and Continental TKC 70 dual sport tires. These give a good blend of on- and off-road performance.
Suspension travel is similar, neither too little nor too much, with 6.7 / 6.9 inches front and rear. That makes it somewhat similar to a Suzuki V-Strom 650, but in a much lighter package.
What’s interesting is that even in this modestly priced compact adventure motorcycle, you get suspension adjustability on the front and rear WP Apex units. On the front inverted fork, you can adjust rebound and compression damping. And on the rear, you can adjust spring preload and rebound damping.
Manual for the KTM 390 Adventure
The above maintenance schedule came from the manual for the KTM 390 Adventure.
You can download the manual directly from KTM here.