This is the maintenance schedule and service intervals for the Triumph Tiger 850 Sport.
The Triumph Tiger 850 Sport is a basic upright sport bike in the Tiger 900 line-up. Yes, it’s part of the same range of motorcycles, but gets a different name. The Triumph Tiger 850 replaces the entry-level bike of the Tiger 900 range, previously just known as the Triumph Tiger 900.
Like the other models in the 900 range, the Triumph Tiger 850 Sport is based on an an 888cc liquid-cooled 12-valve DOHC 3-cylinder (triple) engine. The engine in the 850 Sport is tuned a little lower, with an 11.27:1 compression ratio, for peak power of 62.5 kW (84 bhp) at 8500 rpm, and peak torque of 82 Nm (60 lb-ft) at 6500 rpm.
The Tiger 850 Sport is also available in A2-restricted form for European markets.
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Triumph Tiger 850 Sport Service Intervals
The basic service interval for the Triumph Tiger 850 motorcycles is 6000 miles (10000 km) OR year. Every service, change the oil and filter, and check to see what’s due in the full schedule.
Every 12000 miles / 20000 km, change the spark plugs, air cleaner, and other items, and do a valve service.
As the Tiger 850 Sport has a liquid-cooled engine, you need to periodically refresh the coolant using an HD4X coolant or equivalent.
Finally, the Triumph Tiger 900 has a chain final drive, so make sure you keep it clean, lubricated, and tensioned.
What you need to service the Triumph Tiger 850 Sport
Aside from general motorcycle maintenance tools, he following is a list of tools and consumables that are recommended for the Triumph Tiger 850 Sport.
|Part||Triumph Tiger 850 Sport spec|
|Engine Oil||The manual specifies “semi or fully synthetic 10W/40 or 10W/50 motorcycle engine oil which meets specification API SH (or higher) and JASO MA, such as Castrol Power 1 Racing 4T 10W-40 (fully synthetic) engine oil.” The recommended oil is not too expensive and many consider it worth it.|
|Oil filter||Available from your local Triumph dealer (part T1218001), or you can use the Hiflofiltro HF204RC (use a generic oil filter wrench to remove the Triumph one — and with a K&N replacement you can use a normal wrench).|
|Spark plug||The standard spark plug is an NGK CR9EK.|
|Air filter||Use a DNA air filter, part P-TR9E20-01.|
|Coolant||Triumph recommends HD4X Hybrid Organic Acid Technology (OAT) coolant, which it says is “a 50% solution of ethylene glycol based antifreeze”. So use a high-quality 50/50 ethylene glycol pre-mix, preferably an OAT coolant, e.g. Motorex M5.0 Coolant.|
|Chain lubricant||The chain needs to be lubricated every 800 km/500 miles (or more, if it gets wet/dirty), with variations recommended between manufacturers. Motul chain paste is well-regarded and portable.|
|Battery||The battery for the Tiger 850 Sport is a YTZ-14S.|
|Cable lubricant||Remember to lubricate your clutch cable (and brake cables if you have them) with a cable lubricant. Protect All Cable Life is a good general-purpose lubricant.|
|Brake fluid||Manual specifies DOT 4 brake and clutch fluid, as with many motorcycles.|
|Grease||Make sure you have lithium soap-based grease for lubricating major components like your side stand, centre stand, and major bearings. This Valvoline grease is cheap and versatile.|
Maintenance Schedule for Triumph Tiger 850 Sport
Below is the maintenance schedule for the Triumph Tiger 850 Sport. This is taken from the manual, but adapted to be a bit easier to read, split up into
- Daily / pre-ride checks
- Chain maintenance
- The maintenance schedule
Do the following checks before every ride, or periodically if using the bike for short commuting trips.
|Tiger 850 — Pre-ride / daily checks|
|Engine and oil cooler – check for leaks|
|Fuel system – check for leaks, chafing etc.|
|Cooling system – check for leaks|
|Coolant level – check/adjust|
|Clutch cable – check/adjust|
|Wheels – inspect for damage|
|Tire wear/tire damage – check|
|Tire pressures – check/adjust|
|Lights, instruments and electrical systems – check|
|Steering – check for free operation|
|Forks – check for leaks/smooth operation|
|Brake pads – check wear levels|
|Brake master cylinders – check for fluid leaks|
|Brake calipers – check for fluid leaks and seized pistons|
|Brake fluid levels – check|
|Drive chain slack – check/adjust|
|Drive chain rubbing strip – check|
|Fasteners – inspect visually for security|
|Bank angle indicators – inspect visually for wear|
|Side stand – check operation|
|Center stand – check operation|
|Chain maintenance item||Every|
|Drive chain – wear check||500 mi / 800 km|
(Or after washing bike / riding in wet)
|Drive chain – lubricate (Motul chain care kit)||200 mi / 300 km|
Full maintenance schedule
Notes on the maintenance schedule:
- Basic maintenance intervals for the Triumph Tiger 850/900 motorcycles are every 6000 miles (10000 km) OR every year. When any of these periods passes, check to see what’s due.
- Observe the earlier of a time- or distance-based interval.
- Part of the below table includes checks you should do every day. Do these with the annual check, too.
- Items marked [T] need dealer-specific resources and tools.
|mi x 1000||0.6||6||12||18||24|
|km x 1000||1||10||20||30||40||Every|
|[T] Autoscan – Carry out a full Autoscan using the Triumph Diagnostic Tool||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|[T] ABS modulator – check for stored DTCs||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Engine oil – renew (Castrol Power 1 Racing 4T 10W-40)||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Engine and oil filter – renew (Triumph part T1218001)||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Secondary air injection system – check/clean||✓||✓|
|Air cleaner – replace (P-TR9E20-01)||✓||✓|
|Throttle bodies – balance||✓||✓||✓||✓|
|Spark plugs – replace (NGK CR9EK)||✓||✓|
|Coolant – replace (Motorex M5.0 coolant)||3 years|
|Valve clearances – check/adjust||✓||✓|
|Wheel bearings – check for wear/smooth operation||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Fork oil – renew||✓|
|Headstock bearings – check/adjust||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Headstock bearings – lubricate||✓||✓|
|Rear suspension linkage – check/lubricate||✓||✓|
|Brake fluid – renew (Castrol DOT 4)||2 years|
|Drive chain rubbing strip – replace||✓||✓|
|Accessory rack sliding carriage – check for correct operation (if fitted)||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Side stand pivot – clean/grease||✓||✓||✓||✓|
|Center stand – clean/grease||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|Accessory pannier link mechanism – check for correct operation and adjustment (if fitted)||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|[T] Carry out all outstanding service bulletin and warranty work||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
|[T] Complete the service record book and reset the service indicator||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||Year|
Tyre pressure for the Triumph Tiger 850 Sport
The Triumph Tiger 850 Sport is fit with sport or sport touring tyres. It comes with Michelin Anakees as standard.
|Wheel||Tyre (Tire) size||Tyre (Tire) pressure (cold)|
|Front||100/90-19 MC 57V||36 psi / 2.5 bar|
|Rear||150/70 R17 M/C 69V||42 psi / 2.9 bar|
About the Triumph Tiger 850 Sport
The Triumph Tiger 850 Sport is an entry-level model in the 900 range, replacing the base model Triumph Tiger 900.
The Tiger 850 is an entry-level adventure sports motorcycle, quite like the BMW F 750 GS. It lacks all the complex gadgetry and adventure/off-road capabilities of the bigger siblings, but it’s still an excellent motorcycle for everyday riding and for the occasional trip.
The Tiger 850 Sport has very similar specs to the Tiger 900, but the engine is tuned for slightly lower power.
Like the Triumph Tiger 900, the 850 Sport is based on an 888cc triple (an inline three-cylinder engine) that has dual overhead cams and 4 valves per cylinder.
Here’s what the Triumph Tiger 850 and 900 have in common
- The basic engine layout (though the tune is different)
- Marzocchi 45mm USD forks at the front (non-adjustable), and a preload-adjustable Marzocchi shock at the rear (the GT and Rally models have fully adjustable suspension)
- Twin 320mm floating disc brakes with Brembo Stylema 4-piston monoblock calipers
- 19 inch front wheel, and 17 inch rear wheel (the Rally models have a 21 inch front wheel)
- Two ride modes only (Rain and Road)
Where the 850 and the outgoing 900 differ is that the engine is ever so slightly detuned. The previous Tiger 900 (and the current Tiger 900 GT and Pro range) make a peak of 70 kW (94 bhp) at 8750 rpm, whereas the Triumph Tiger 850 makes a peak of 62.5 kW (84 bhp) at 8500 rpm.
In practise, it’s not a power difference that you’re likely to notice — and in fact, reviewers say that they don’t. You only really notice the difference at the top end of the rev range, which is not a part of the rev range that you really spend much time in on any incarnation of this bike.
The Triumph Tiger 850 has the same T-plane crank as the Tiger 900 with a 1-3-2 firing order, differentiating it from the earlier 800 range.
The Triumph Tiger 850 loses out on some of the advanced features that you get in the GT, GT Pro, Rally, and Rally Pro models. Depending on whether you want any of the following features (you can’t get all of them at the same time), one of those bikes might suit you more:
- Cornering ABS (900 Rally and GT, as well as Pro models)
- Fully adjustable suspension (900 Rally and GT, as well as Pro models), either Marzocchi or Showa
- Bigger front wheel (Rally/Pro)
- Cruise control (GT Pro/Rally Pro)
- Electronic rear suspension (GT Pro)
But of course, you pay considerably more to be able to get those features.
Manual for the Triumph Tiger 850 Sport
The above maintenance schedule comes directly from the user’s manual for the Triumph Tiger 850 Sport, which is available on the Triumph web site.
The parts lists come from various parts fiches online.